Euthymios the Great
- Saint and famous ascetic (q.v.) who founded the first lavra (q.v.) in Palestine (q.v.) in 428. He was loyal to the decrees of the Council of Chalcedon (q.v.) and threw his support behind Patriarch Juvenal of Jerusalem (q.v.), helping him to regain his episcopal see from the usurper Theodosios. He also persuaded the empress Eudokia (Athenais-Eudokia [q.v.]), who was living in retirement in Jerusalem, to change her support from Monophysitism to Orthodoxy (qq.v.) decreed by the Council of Chalcedon in 451. After his death in 473, Euthymios's disciple Sabas (q.v.) continued his work in Palestine (q.v.).
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
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